Muscular/Skeletal system

A randomized, prospective study of the effects of Tai Chi Chun exercise on bone mineral density in postmenopausal women

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Outcomes: This is the first prospective and randomized study to show that a programmed Tai Chi Chun (TCC) Yang style exercise intervention is beneficial for retarding bone loss in weight-bearing bones in early postmenopausal women. Long-term follow-up is needed to substantiate the role of TCC exercise in the prevention of osteoporosis and its related fracture.


Effects of Home-Based Tai Chi and Lower Extremity Training and Self-Practice on Falls and Functional Outcomes in Older Fallers from the Emergency Department-A Randomized Controlled Trial

Department of Nursing, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Science, Taipei, Taiwan.

Institute of Injury Prevention and Control, College of Public Health and Nutrition, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan.

Graduate Institute of Allied Health Education, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Science, Taipei, Taiwan.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Master Program in Long-Term Care, College of Nursing, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Outcomes: Home-based tai chi chuan (TCC) may reduce the incidence of falls and injurious falls more than conventional LET in older fallers, and the effects may last for at least 1 year.


 Tai Chi and fall reductions in older adults _ a randomized controlled trial

Oregon Research Institute, OR, USA

Outcomes: A three-times-per-week, 6-month Tai Chi program is effective in decreasing the number of falls, the risk for falling, and the fear of falling, and it improves functional balance and physical performance in physically inactive persons aged 70 years or older.


 Economic Evaluation of a Tai Ji Quan Intervention to Reduce Falls in People With Parkinson Disease, Oregon, 2008–2011

Willamette University, Salem, Oregon, Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, Oregon

Outcomes:  Tai Ji Quan represents a cost-effective strategy for optimizing spending to prevent falls and maximize health gains in people with Parkinson disease. While these results are promising, they warrant further validation.


 Qualitative analysis of a controlled trial of qigong for fibromyalgia: advancing understanding of an emerging health practice

Department of Pharmacology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

Outcomes: This retrospective qualitative analysis of information collected in an RCT of qigong for fibromyalgia indicates that favorable initial experiences with the practice over 8 weeks predispose to continued practice and more health effects. Future individual trials and meta-analyses of qigong will need to attend to the amount, and potentially quality, of practice undertaken in considering trial outcomes.


 A Pilot Cluster Randomized Trial of a 20-Week Tai Chi Program in Elders With Cognitive Impairment and Osteoarthritic Knee: Effects on Pain and Other Health Outcomes

University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas and The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas and Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA

Outcomes: Practicing Tai Chi (TC) can be efficacious in reducing pain and stiffness in elders with knee osteoarthritis (OA) and cognitive impairment (CI).


 Qigong versus exercise therapy for chronic low back pain in adults–a randomized controlled non-inferiority trial

Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany

Outcomes: Qigong was not proven to be non-inferior to exercise therapy in the treatment of chronic low back pain. Its role in the prevention of chronic low back pain might be addressed in further studies.


 Tai chi exercise for treatment of pain and disability in people with persistent low back pain: a randomized controlled trial

The George Institute for Global Health and University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Outcomes: This is the first pragmatic randomized controlled trial of tai chi exercise for people with low back pain. It showed that a 10-week tai chi program improved pain and disability outcomes and can be considered a safe and effective intervention for those experiencing long-term low back pain symptoms.