Endocrine and Metabolic Systems

Qi-gong mind-body therapy and diabetes control. A randomized controlled trial

School of Human Movement Studies, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia


Outcomes: The qi-gong intervention was associated with improvements in weight, waist circumference, leg strength, and insulin resistance. The mediation analyses highlight the importance of weight reduction in the control of diabetes.

Effectiveness of Tai Chi training to alleviate metabolic syndrome in abdominal obese older adults: a randomized controlled trial

School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, China


Outcomes: A 12-week of Tai Chi training reduced central obesity indicated by the decrease in a waist circumference (WC). The improvement in central obesity after Tai Chi training suggested that Tai Chi is a suitable exercise modality for older adults to manage central obesity, and thus to reduce the risk of associated diseases.

Effect of t’ai chi exercise on biochemical profiles and oxidative stress indicators in obese patients with type 2 diabetes

Graduate Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan


Outcomes: T’ai chi exercise (TCE) practiced by patients who are obese and have type 2 diabetes is efficient and safe when supervised by professionals and helps improve parameters, such as BMI, lipid profile, C-reactive protein, and malondialdehyde. Periodic monitoring of blood glucose, blood pressure, heart rate, breathing, physical fitness, and symptoms of discomfort of patients who exercise helps prevent injury. Simple, gentle TCE can be applied as regular daily exercise for patients with type 2 diabetes even when such patients are obese.